Volume 56 | Number S1 | October 2021

Abstract List

Lucy A. Savitz PhD, MBA


To characterize emerging and current practice models to more effectively treat and support patients with multiple chronic conditions (MCC).

Data Sources/Study Setting

We conducted a rapid literature scoping augmented by key informant interviews with clinicians knowledgeable about MCC care from a broad spectrum of US delivery systems and feedback from multidisciplinary experts at two virtual meetings.

Study Design

Literature findings were triangulated with data from semi‐structured interviews with clinical experts. Reflections on early results were obtained from policy, research, clinical, advocacy, and patient representatives at two virtual meetings sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Emergent themes addressed were as follows: (1) more timely strategies for MCC care; and (2) trends not previously represented in the peer‐reviewed literature.

Data Collection/Extraction Methods

The rapid literature scoping relied on Ovid MEDLINE(R) and Epub Ahead of Print databases for the most recent 5‐year period. Qualitative interviews were conducted by telephone. Virtual meetings provided oral and written (chat) captured inputs.

Principal Findings

Although the literature scoping did not identify a specific set of evidence‐based care models, key informant discussions identified eight themes reflecting emerging approaches to population‐based MCC care. For example, addressing the needs of individuals with MCC through a complexity lens by assessing and addressing social risk factors; extending the care continuum with home‐based care; understanding how to address ongoing patient and caregiver supports outside of clinical encounters; and engaging available community resources.


Integrating care for MCC patient populations requires processes for determining different subpopulation needs in various settings and lived experiences. Innovation should be anchored at the nexus of payment systems, social risks, medical needs, and community‐based resources. Our learnings suggest a need for an ongoing MCC care research agenda to inform new approaches to care delivery incorporating innovations in technology and home‐based supports for patients and caregivers.