Alene Kennedy‐Hendricks PhD, Sachini Bandara PhD, MS, Gail L. Daumit MD, MHS, Alisa B. Busch MD, MS, Elizabeth M. Stone MSPH, Elizabeth A. Stuart Ph.D., Karly A. Murphy MD, MHS, Emma E. McGinty PhD, MS
To evaluate the impact of Maryland's behavioral health homes (BHHs) on receipt of follow‐up care and readmissions following hospitalization among Medicaid enrollees with serious mental illness (SMI).
Maryland Medicaid administrative claims for 12 232 individuals.
Weighted marginal structural models were estimated to account for time‐varying exposure to BHH enrollment and time‐varying confounders. These models compared changes over time in outcomes among BHH and comparison participants. Outcome measures included readmissions and follow‐up care within 7 and 30 days following hospitalization.
Eligibility criteria included continuous enrollment in Medicaid for the first two years of the study period; 21‐64 years; and use of psychiatric rehabilitation services.
Over three years, BHH enrollment was associated with 3.8 percentage point (95% CI: 1.5, 6.1) increased probability of having a mental health follow‐up service within 7 days of discharge from a mental illness–related hospitalization and 1.9 percentage point (95% CI: 0.0, 3.9) increased probability of having a general medical follow‐up within 7 days of discharge from a somatic hospitalization. BHHs had no effect on probability of readmission.
BHHs may improve follow‐up care for Medicaid enrollees with SMI, but effects do not translate into reduced risk of readmission.
Data Collection/Extraction Methods