Linh N. Bui PhD, MIPH, Jangho Yoon Ph.D., S. Marie Harvey DrPH, MPH, Jeff Luck
To examine the impact of Oregon's Coordinated Care Organizations (CCOs), an accountable care model for Oregon Medicaid enrollees implemented in 2012, on neonatal and infant mortality.
Oregon birth certificates linked with death certificates, and Medicaid/CCO enrollment files for years 2008‐2016.
The sample consisted of the pre‐CCO birth cohort of 135 753 infants (August 2008‐July 2011) and the post‐CCO birth cohort of 148 650 infants (August 2012‐December 2015). We used a difference‐in‐differences probit model to estimate the difference in mortality between infants enrolled in Medicaid and infants who were not enrolled. We examined heterogeneous effects of CCOs for preterm and full‐term infants and the impact of CCOs over the implementation timeline. All models were adjusted for maternal and infant characteristics and secular time trends.
The CCO model was associated with a 56 percent reduction in infant mortality compared to the pre‐CCO level (−0.20 percentage points [95% CI: −0.35; −0.05]), and also with a greater reduction in infant mortality among preterm infants compared to full‐term infants. The impact on mortality grew in magnitude over the postimplementation timeline.
The CCO model contributed to a reduction in mortality within the first year of birth among infants enrolled in Medicaid.