To examine whether changes in resident‐centered care () over time were associated with changes in quality.
Data sources were the Minimum Dataset quality indicators (which consist of measures of both prevalence and incidence of adverse events) and the Artifacts of Culture Change Tool (which measures ;s 2009–2012) from 130 Veterans Health Administration community living centers.
A retrospective longitudinal study.
Data Sources/Study Setting
Data were from secondary data sources.
The overall relationship between and quality was not statistically significant ( = .22), although there was a weakly significant negative relationship (i.e., increased was associated with poorer quality) in the seven quarters after implementation of an automated version of the Artifacts Tool ( = .08). In facility‐specific analyses, there were 15 facilities with a weakly significant ( < .10) positive relationship between and quality and 21 with a weakly significant negative relationship. Adjusted cost per patient day was over 50 percent higher in the 21 facilities with a negative relationship than in the 15 facilities with a positive relationship ( < .05).
The Artifacts score is a formal performance metric in the , and thus, facilities were explicitly incentivized to increase . Using qualitative methods to identify characteristics that distinguished those facilities able to increase both and quality from those that suffered declines in quality as was improved is an important follow‐up to this study.
Data Collection/Extraction Methods