Volume 39 | Number 4p1 | August 2004

Abstract List

Josephine Ensign


To develop homeless‐youth‐identified process and outcome measures of quality of health care.

Data Sources/Study Setting

Primary data collection with homeless youth from both street and clinic settings in Seattle, Washington, for calendar year 2002.

Study Design

The research was a focused ethnography, using key informant and in‐depth individual interviews as well as focus groups with a purposeful sample of 47 homeless youth aged 12–23 years.

Data Collection/Extraction Methods

All interviews and focus groups were tape‐recorded, transcribed, and preliminarily coded, with final coding cross‐checked and verified with a second researcher.

Principal Findings

Homeless youth most often stated that cultural and interpersonal aspects of quality of care were important to them. Physical aspects of quality of care reported by the youth were health care sites separate from those for homeless adults, andsites that offered a choice of allopathic and complementary medicine. Outcomes of health care included survival of homelessness, functional and disease‐state improvement, and having increased trust and connections with adults and with the wider community.


Homeless youth identified components of quality of care as well as how quality of care should be measured. Their perspectives will be included in a larger follow‐up study to develop quality of care indicators for homeless youth.