Volume 53 | Number 4 | August 2018

Abstract List

Margaret E. Kruk M.D., M.P.H., Anna D. Gage M.Sc., Godfrey M. Mbaruku M.D., Ph.D., Hannah H. Leslie Ph.D.


Describe content of clinical care for sick children in low‐resource settings.

Data Sources

Nationally representative health facility surveys in Haiti, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nepal, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda from 2007 to 2015.

Study Design

Clinical visits by sick children under 5 years were observed and caregivers interviewed. We describe duration and content of the care in the visit and estimate associations between increased content and caregiver knowledge and satisfaction.

Principal Findings

The median duration of 15,444 observations was 8 minutes; providers performed 8.4 of a maximum 24 clinical actions per visit. Content of care was minimally greater for severely ill children. Each additional clinical action was associated with 2 percent higher caregiver knowledge.


Consultations for children in nine lower‐income countries are brief and limited. A greater number of clinical actions was associated with caregiver knowledge and satisfaction.