To examine racial/ethnic differences in influenza and pneumococcal vaccination receipt and nonreceipt among nursing home () residents post implementation of federal vaccination policy.
An analysis of a merged national cross‐sectional dataset containing resident assessment, facility, and community data for years 2010–2013 was conducted. Logistic regressions omitting and including facility fixed effects were used to examine the influence of race and ethnicity (black, Hispanic, white) and black concentration on vaccination status across and within s.
Vaccination receipt of 107,874 residents in 742 s was examined. Blacks were less likely than whites to receive influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations ( = 0.75; = 0.81, respectively, ‐values <.001). The likelihood of not being offered the influenza vaccination was greater for blacks (=1.25, = .004) and the likelihood of not being offered the pneumococcal vaccination was greater for Hispanics ( = 1.65, = .04) compared to whites. Fixed effects showed that within the same , Hispanics were more likely to receive both vaccinations compared to whites (=1.22, = .004 (influenza); =1.34, < .001 (pneumococcal)). Facilities highly concentrated with blacks accounted for large proportions of differences seen in vaccination receipt.
Racial/ethnic differences remain despite policy changes. Focused strategies aimed at personnel and racially segregated s are critical to improving vaccination delivery and eliminating disparities in care.
Data Sources/Study Setting/Study Design/Data Collection/Extraction Methods