To examine the relationship between Social Security Disability Insurance () enrollment and health care employment.
State‐year level data from government and other publicly available sources for all states (2000–2014).
Population‐weighted linear regression analyses model associations between each health care employment measure and each enrollment measure (i.e., overall, physical, or mental health enrollment rates), controlling for factors associated with health care employment, state fixed effects, and secular time trends.
Data are gathered from publicly available sources.
A one standard deviation increase in enrollment per 100,000 population is associated with a statistically significant 2.6 and 4.5 percent increase in the mean employment rate per 100,000 population for health care practitioner and technical occupations and health care support occupations, respectively. The size of this relationship varies by the type of disabling condition for enrollment (physical versus mental health).
Social Security Disability Insurance enrollment is significantly associated with health care employment at the state level. Quantifying the magnitude of this relationship is important given high enrollment rates as well as evolving policy and demographic shifts related to the program.