Volume 48 | Number 6pt1 | December 2013

Abstract List

Jennifer King, Michael F. Furukawa, Melinda B. Buntin Ph.D.


To describe small area variation in ambulatory electronic health record () adoption and assess evidence of a “digital divide” in whether adoption is lagging in traditionally underserved communities.

Data Sources

Survey data on U.S. ambulatory health care sites (261,973 sites representing 716,160 providers) collected by SK&A Information Services in 2011.

Study Design

We examined cross‐sectional variation in two measures of local area adoption: share of providers at sites using an with e‐prescribing functionality; and predicted probability of adoption for the average site. Local areas were defined as Public Use Microdata Areas ( = 2,068). Using multivariate regression, we examined the association between adoption and three area characteristics: high concentration of minority population; high concentration of low‐income population; and metropolitan status.

Principal Findings

adoption varied significantly across local areas, ranging from 8 to 88 percent with a median of 41 percent. Adoption was lower in large metropolitan areas; areas with high concentration of minority population in the Northeast and West; and areas with high concentration of low‐income population in the Midwest.


Our 2011 estimates suggest there was substantial room for increased adoption across the United States, including some underserved areas with relatively low adoption rates. Further research should monitor policy initiatives in these areas and examine sources of heterogeneity in low‐ and high‐adoption communities.