To analyze the general practitioners (s) with regard to the degree of urbanization, social deprivation, general health, and disability.
Small area population data and practice data in England.
We used a floating catchment area method to measure spatial accessibility with regard to the degree of urbanization, social deprivation, general health, and disability.
Data were collected from the Office for National Statistics and the general practice census and analyzed using a geographic information system.
In all, 25.8 percent of the population in England lived in areas with a significant low accessibility (mean ‐score: −4.2); 27.6 percent lived in areas with a significant high accessibility (mean ‐score: 7.7); 97.8 percent of high accessibility areas represented urban areas, and 31.1 percent of low accessibility areas represented rural areas (correlation of accessibility and urbanity: = 0.59; <.001). Furthermore, a minor negative correlation with social deprivation was present ( = −0.19; <.001). Results were confirmed by a multivariate analysis.
This study showed substantially differing accessibility throughout England. However, socially deprived areas did not have poorer spatial access to s.