To examine the influence of Oregon's coordinated care organizations (s) and pay‐for‐performance incentive model on completion of screening and brief intervention () and utilization of substance use disorder (SUD) treatment services.
Secondary analysis of Medicaid encounter data from 2012 to 2015 and semiannual qualitative interviews with stakeholders in s.
Longitudinal mixed‐methods design with simultaneous data collection with equal importance.
Data Sources/Study Setting
Qualitative interviews were recorded, transcribed, and coded in ATLAS.ti. Quantitative data included Medicaid encounters 30 months prior to implementation, a 6‐month transition period, and 30 months following implementation. Data were aggregated by half‐year with analyses restricted to Medicaid recipients 18–64 years of age enrolled in a , not eligible for Medicare coverage or Medicaid expansion.
Quantitative analysis documented a significant increase in rates coinciding with implementation (0.1 to 4.6 percent). Completed was not associated with increased initiation in treatment for diagnoses. Qualitative analysis highlighted importance of aligning incentives, workflow redesign, and leadership to facilitate statewide .
Results provide modest support for use of a performance metric to expand in primary care. Future research should examine health reform efforts that increase initiation and engagement in treatment.
Data Collection/Extraction Methods