Volume 50 | Number 4 | August 2015

Abstract List

Judy Jou M.A., Katy B. Kozhimannil Ph.D., M.P.A., Pamela Jo Johnson Ph.D., M.P.H., Carol Sakala Ph.D.


To determine whether patient‐perceived pressure from clinicians for labor induction or cesarean delivery is significantly associated with having these procedures.

Data Sources/Study Setting

, a nationally representative survey of women 18–45 years who delivered a singleton infant in a U.S. hospital July 2011–June 2012 ( = 2,400).

Study Design

Multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with perceived pressure and estimation of odds of induction and cesarean given perceived pressure.

Principal Findings

Overall, 14.8 percent of respondents perceived pressure from a clinician for labor induction and 13.3 percent for cesarean delivery. Women who perceived pressure for labor induction had higher odds of induction overall (adjusted odds ratio [a]: 3.51; 95 percent confidence interval []: 2.5–5.0) and without medical reason (a: 2.13; 95 percent : 1.3–3.4) compared with women who did not perceive pressure. Those perceiving pressure for cesarean delivery had higher odds of cesarean overall (a: 5.17; 95 percent : 3.2–8.4), without medical reason (a: 6.13; 95 percent : 3.4–11.1), and unplanned cesarean (a: 6.70; 95 percent : 4.0–11.3).


Patient‐perceived pressure from clinicians significantly predicts labor induction and cesarean delivery. Efforts to reduce provider–patient miscommunication and minimize potentially unnecessary procedures may be warranted.