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Profiling the U.S. Sick Leave Landscape: Presenteeism among Females

Objective: To profile the sick leave landscape in the United States.

Data Sources: The 2011 Leave Supplement of the American Time Use Survey.

Study Design: Bivariate and multivariate analyses to identify (i) employees without sick pay coverage and (ii) employees who attend work sick.

Principal Findings: Sixty-five percent of full-time employees have sick pay coverage. Coverage rates are below 20 percent for employees with hourly wages below $10, part-time employees, and employees in the hospitality and leisure industry.

Conclusion: Each week, up to 3 million U.S. employees go to work sick. Females, low-income earners, and those aged 25 to 34 years have a significantly elevated risk of presenteeism behavior.

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