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Identifying Predictors of Longitudinal Decline in the Level of Medical Care Received by Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer: A Report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study

Keywords: Childhood cancer survivors; health insurance; health care access; survivorship; delivery of health care

Objectives: Characterize longitudinal changes in the use of medical care in adult survivors of childhood cancer.

Data Sources: The Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, a retrospective cohort study of 5+ year survivors of childhood cancer.

Study Design: Medical care was assessed at entry into the cohort (baseline) and at most recent questionnaire completion. Care at each time point was classified as no care, general care, or survivor-focused care.

Data Collection: There were 6,176 eligible survivors. Multivariable models evaluated risk factors for reporting survivor-focused care or general medical care at baseline and no care at follow-up; and survivor-focused care at baseline and general care at follow-up.

Principal Findings: Males (RR, 2.3; 95 percent CI 1.8–2.9), earning <$20,000/year (RR, 1.6; 95 percent CI 1.2–2.3) or ≤high school education (RR, 2.5; 95 percent CI 1.6–3.8 and RR 2.0; 95 percent CI 1.5–2.7 for <high school and high school, respectively) were associated with no care at follow-up. Survivors with severe or life-threatening conditions at baseline (RR 0.5; 95 percent CI 0.3–0.6) were less likely to report no care at follow-up.

Conclusions: While the incidence of late effects increases over time for survivors, the likelihood of receiving survivor-focused care decreases for vulnerable populations.

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